Fractional distillation of crude oil in the laboratory
Fractional distillationFractional distillation differs from distillation only in that it separates a mixture into a number of different parts, called fractions. A tall column is fitted above the mixture, with several condensers coming off at different heights. The column is hot at the bottom and cool at the top. Substances with high boiling points condense at the bottom and substances with low boiling points condense at the top.
Like distillation, fractional distillation works because the different substances in the mixture have different boiling points. The collection vessel is changedas the temperature rises to collect the different fractions.Links Hydrocarbons Revision Questionsgcsescience.com The Periodic Table Index Hydrocarbons Quiz gcseFractional distillation is the separation of a mixture into its component parts, or fractions, separating chemical compounds by their boiling point by heating them to a temperature at which one or more fractions of the compound will vaporize.
It uses distillation to fractionate. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (October 2014) ( Learn how and when to remove this template message). Distillation may result in essentially complete separation (nearly pure components), Fractional distillation of crude oil in the laboratory Fractional distillation of crude oil in the laboratoryIn order for useful materials to be obtained from crude oil, the oil must go through a number of different processes.
The first process involves separating the complex mixture of hydrocarbons in crude oil into simpler mixtures of hydrocarbons known as fractions. This is done according to their boiling points by a process known as fractional distillation. The fractional distillation of crude oil AimThe aim is to distil a crude oil sample and collect and test four fractions collected over different temperature ranges. Four receiving flasks. Common uses of its distillation systems include solvent recycling, solvent purification, crude oil distillation, and many other applications of high efficiency fractional distillation.Solvent Recycling in laboratories has become more common place in recent years.
Solvent recyclers are used in histology labs to recycle xylene, alcohol, formalin and xylene substitutes. HPLC solvent recycling and GPC solvent recycling have also become more popular due to the high cost of these solvents. Many other types of solvents are also recyclable. Solvent recycling can save money in the laboratory by greatly reducing the cost of purchased solvents as well as he disposal cost of solvents.Crude oil distillation and petroleum distillation are also common applications of our fractional distillation equipment.
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