Scientific report writing introduction

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Writing Lab Reports and Scientific Papers Writing Lab Reports and Scientific Papers by Warren D. DolphinIowa State UniversityVerbal communication is temporal and easily forgotten, but written reports exist for long periods and yield long-term benefits for the author and others.Scientific research is a group activity. Individual scientists perform experiments to test hypotheses about biological phenomena.

After experiments are completed and duplicated, researchers attempt to persuade others to accept or reject their hypotheses by presenting the data and their interpretations. We have included the following sketches for each car: 3 dimensional view, elevation, plan, front, rear and interior view. Also, we have included a discussion of how the designs meet the criteria given in the project outline. The cars could be suitable for short trips in busy areas.

Introduction B. Taking into accountdisciplinary differences, scientific or laboratory reports written byundergraduates share the same format as scientific reports written byacademics for publication. As the abstract is an overview this is most easily andaccurately written last. The reports of vancomycin resistantstrains of S.

aureas, which appeared from three different areasof the globe last year, sent shock waves through the medical community(Levy, 1998).Escherichia coli (E.coli) is another bacteriathat is beginning to show signs of antibiotic resistance. E.coliis a rod shaped bacteria which inhabits the human colon, livingoff organic material which would otherwise be eliminated with thefaeces.

E. coli and the other intestinal flora may make up 40% ofthe mass of faeces and as a result E. coli is used as an indicatorspecies to detect contamination of lakes and streams by untreatedsewage. One reason for using this format is that itis a means of efficiently communicating scientific findings tothe broad community of scientists in a uniform manner.

Anotherreason, perhaps more important than the first, is that this formatallows the paper to be read at several different levels. Forexample, many people skim Titles to find out what informationis available on a subject. OthersScientificpapers are for sharing your own original research work with other scientists orfor reviewing the research conducted by others. As such, they are critical tothe evolution of modern science, in which the work of one scientist builds uponthat of others.

To reach their goal, papers must aim to inform, not impress. Theymust be highly readable — that is,clear, accurate, and concise. To be accepted by referees and cited by readers, papers must domore than simply present a chronological account of the research work. Therefore, it isprobably the most delicate part of the writing of a report.Unfortunately, many people (even very experienced ones) seem to havedifficulties at writing a good introduction.

For some, it is adaunting task.In this short article, I present a very simple method for writing agood introductory chapter. Actually, the core of this method wastaught to me many years ago by Krzysztof Apt. At that time, itsurprised me in its simplicity and efficiency. In ten years, I havebeen happily applying it to all introductions I have written.Of course, I am not the first one coming up with such a recipe: anecessarily incomplete list of links to articles about scientificwriting is reported in the last section.

Formatting Science ReportsThis section describes Writing a Scientific ReportA scientific report is a document that describes the process, progress, and or results of technical or scientific research or the state of a technical or scientific research problem. It might also include recommendations and conclusion of the research. OthersGood writing takes time, but in a work environment where time is a precious commodity, is it worth it.

Worldwide, many bacteria are showingresistance to antibiotics. The reports of vancomycin resistantstrains of S. aureas, which appeared from three different areasof the globe last year, sent shock waves through the medical community(Levy, 1998).Escherichia coli (E.coli) is another bacteriathat is beginning to show signs of antibiotic resistance. E.coliis a rod shaped bacteria which inhabits the human colon, livingoff organic material which would otherwise be eliminated with thefaeces.

E. coli and the other intestinal flora may make up 40% ofthe mass of faeces and as a result E. coli is used as an indicatorspecies to detect contamination of lakes and streams by untreatedsewage. Under.




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