What should be included in the introduction of an essay
Therefore, it isprobably the most delicate part of the writing of a report.Unfortunately, many people (even very experienced ones) seem to havedifficulties at writing a good introduction. For some, it is adaunting task.In this short article, I present a very simple method for writing agood introductory chapter. Actually, the core of this method wastaught to me many years ago by Krzysztof Apt. At that time, itsurprised me in its simplicity and efficiency.
In ten years, I havebeen happily applying it to all introductions I have written.Of course, I am not the first one coming up with such a recipe: anecessarily incomplete list of links to articles about scientificwriting is reported in the last section. A Recipe for WritiA classic format for compositions is the five-paragraph essay. It is not the only format for writing an essay, of course, but it is a useful model for you to keep in mind, especially as you begin to develop your composition skills.
The following material is adapted from a handout prepared by Harry Livermore for his high school English classes at Cook High School in Adel, Georgia. It is used here with his permission.Introduction: Introductory ParagraphSee, first, Writing Introductory Paragraphs for different ways of getting your reader involved in your essay.The introductory paragraph should also include the thesis statement, a kind of mini-outline for the paper: it tells the reader what the essay is about.
Start with an example. Although its precise construction variesfrom genre to genre (and from essay to essay), good introductory paragraphsgenerally accomplish the same tasks and follow a few basic patterns. Most introductions begin with an orientationin the form of a brief general statement that leads the readerinto the topic showing how the specific topic relates to bigger issuesor to the discipline field.
This is followed by your thesis statement,which is your concise response to the essay question, then an outlineof the argument presented in the essay. Here is an example:Example of an essay introduction 1Essay Question: Italy on the eve of 18 has often been describedas an unlikely nation. It is generally made up of a one-paragraph introduction, the body, which is about two or three paragraphs, and a short one-paragraph conclusion.
The introduction sets the tone for the entire essay and should include very specific information. A good essay will take a subject and provide a specific argument or interpretation, not just regurgitate the facts. It will include how you will prove your point, thus telling the reader what to expect throughout the paper. The thesis statement is only one or two sentences and can be placed anywhere in the introduction. The introduction of an essay is sometimes the most difficult part of the essay to write.
Many teachers advise their students to put off writing the introduction until the rest of the essay has been written. With the rest of the essay completed, it is much easier to know where the essay is going. Topic SentenceFrom the beginning of the essay, the reader should be attracted to the text. A good topic sentence will draw a reader in and make her want to keep reading.
A topic sentence sets the essay up and leads into the thesis. A good introduction should identify your topic, provide essential context, and indicate your particular focus in the essay. A strong conclusion will provide a sense of closure to the essay while again placing your concepts in a somewhat wider context. It will also, in some instances, add a stimulus to further thought.
Since no two essays are the same, no single formula will automatically generate an introduction and conclusion for you. But the following guidelines will help you to construct a suitable beginning and end for your essay. It can be a tricky part of the paper to write, so many scientists and researchers prefer to write it last, ensuring that they miss no major points.For a longer research paper, where you use an outline, it can be useful to structure your introduction around the outline.
Here are a few outline examples.The introduction gives an overall review of the paper, but does address a few slightly different issues from the abstract.It works upon the principle of introducing the topic of the paper and setting it into a broad context, gradually narrowing down to a research problem, thesis and hypothesis.